15Dame Sue adds: "There is going to be more work available than there are companies to do it, so the UK supply chain should be in a good position."New nuclear nations will be looking for independent engineering advice and consultancy. Independence is a great selling point for the UK because we are not tied to any particular design and we have no axe to grind."Dame Sue also believes that new nuclear countries will also be attracted to the UK's style of regulation, where the onus is on the operator to justify why a system is safe and which contrasts sharply with the prescriptive 'tick-box' approach used elsewhere."The UK system has a lot of benefi ts," she says. "It enables a country to maintain its own independent regulator and gives it more fl exibility to adapt."Meanwhile, Dame Sue feels that the industry could do more to counter the critics who say that nuclear power is an expensive form of generation. 'We need to put clear water between new build and the large bill for cleaning up Sellafi eld. None of the stuff that was built in the 1950s and 1960s was designed for decommissioning, whereas we can now show that it's not diffi cult to take PWRs and BWRs back to green fi eld sites.'Consultation2016DCOApplicationApril 2017DCO Decision2018ConstructionCommences2018First ReactorOnline2024of competitively priced electricityjobs over theproject lifetimeCreating14 - 21Kof the project could be supplied by UK companiesUp to60%The UK's largest nuclear power station... up to3.6GWjobs duringoperationENGIE (formerly GDF SUEZ)Sustaining overpartnershipworld classWorking inworkforcewith the local community and our regulators. Supporting UK nuclear skills to develop a1,000 of the UK's electricityneedsDelivering low-carbon electricity to power six million homes.7%AP1000AP1000AP1000Powering ahead in West CumbriaMoorsideThe Moorside projectReproduced courtesy of NuGen
Feature16Covent Garden in Central London is a long way from the business end of the nuclear industry. Nevertheless, there is something radioactive in Agneta Rising's offi ce.On a shelf by the window is a small collection of green-tinted glassware. Mrs Rising takes a dosimeter out of the fi ling cabinet and the uranium oxide in the glass immediately makes it crackle.The dose is only very slightly above background but it reminds us that radiation is part of our environment and has many diff erent applications.It was the use of radioactive materials in medicine that fi rst attracted Mrs Rising to study radiation physics at university in her native Sweden. Then she joined what later became Vattenfall, one of the country's power plant operators. Now she is uniquely placed to give an overview of the world's nuclear state of play. "At the beginning, nuclear energy was very much a national programme with most reactors designed for customers in a particular country. Today it's totally international and we have the highest level of nuclear new build for 25 years. Apart from economics, the drivers are also the need for low-carbon electricity and energy security."The engineering and reactor types are international but once you have put a nuclear power station in place it becomes a domestic energy source. You can cut off the supply of gas to a pipeline or stop ships delivering coal, but nuclear fuel is easy to procure from many diff erent sources and not much is needed to produce a lot of electricity."When you build a nuclear power plant, a lot of the people involved in the construction, supply chain, operation, and in maintenance have to be domestic. If you have the people and the fuel, you can operate the plant."Mrs Rising points out a little known fact that throughout the recent confl ict in Ukraine, the Russian nuclear industry has carried on supplying that country's nuclear power plants with fuel without any interruption.She adds: "Geopolitics is not a problem for nuclear power. There is a spirit of international cooperation in the industry, it's almost like the Olympic Games. Where you get political problems, they tend to arise from domestic party politics." Mrs Rising argues that one of the main reasons nuclear power is growing worldwide is that developing countries expect it to bring them more than just cheap, clean, reliable electricity. "The nuclear supply chain helps to develop a country's industry and skills. In Indonesia, people want to have nuclear power because they believe that with it will come more education, new technology and better jobs. South Korea is an example of how nuclear power has been a stabilising factor that enabled the country to build capacity and move on with other technological and economic development."The World Nuclear Association wants to see more streamlining and standardisation in the global supply chain, so that components and materials manufactured to a certifi ed quality standard are accepted throughout the world, as in aerospace. Agneta Rising, Director-General of the World Nuclear Association, explains why so many nations want to join the nuclear power clubGlobal industry domestic resource'There is a spirit of international cooperation in the industry, it's almost like the Olympic Games.'